It is also known also high blood pressure. It is the most dangerous and common health problem in the entire globe. The human circulatory system pumps blood to all the body organs supplying the required oxygen and nutrients. Blood is pumped through the blood vessels and capillaries. The force of blood on these blood vessels is known as blood pressure.
The increase of blood pressure to a higher level forces the heart to pump harder to overcome the resistance. This condition where blood pressure increases forcing the heart to pump harder is known as hypertension. The condition has various adverse effects on your health such as organ failure, damages body organs, causes heart attacks and stroke. It is therefore critical to control high blood pressure.
Blood pressure resulting from unknown causes is referred to as essential hypertension. Hypertension caused by secondary sources like kidney disorders is known as secondary hypertension.
Common causes of high blood pressure
- Lack of exercise
- Drug abuse
- Lack of nutrients
- Poor diet like high salt intake
- Side effects of medications and pills
- Overweight or being obese
Other ailments like thyroid problems, tumors and kidney problems also cause hypertension.
Similarly, insufficient magnesium, calcium, magnesium or potassium from our diets, lack of vitamin D and high alcohol intake increases the chances of one getting hypertension. Depression and even genetics make one vulnerable to high blood pressure.
Symptoms of hypertension
Major symptoms include severe chest pain, headaches, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, irregular heartbeat problems, breathing difficulties and blood occurrence in urine. However, from research, a third of the people with this condition do not exhibit any of these symptoms. Regular medical check-ups to ascertain one’s condition are, therefore necessary.
How do we control hypertension?
Moderate exercise is necessary and very healthy for your heart. Exercising helps in reducing the blood pressure significantly. One should consult a medical practitioner to avoid over doing it.
Smoking hardens and narrows the veins and arteries making your heart work harder. Once diagnosed with hypertension, you are advised to stop smoking outside the prescribed medication.
By proper diet
Reducing the amount of sugar and saturated fats is an effective measure of reducing hypertension take a balanced diet
Through stress management
A healthy diet ensures your body organs function normally. It ensures smooth blood flow; the human brain plays a vital role in controlling all the body functions.
By losing weight
Extra weight makes the heart to work harder. Extra weight means the heart has to pump more blood thus increasing the blood pressure.
Consider herbal remedies
Some herbs such as hawthorn, ginseng and snakeroot have been proven to reduce blood pressure. Consult a doctor before using such herbs since they may interact with your medicine.